You have to control two temperatures to make successful fudge: the cooking temperature AND the temperature at which the mixture cools before stirring to make it crystallize. Confectionery experiments have shown that the ideal cooking temperature for fudge is around 114 to 115 °C (237 to 239 °F).
What temperature does fudge melt?
When your fudge reaches 236–238 degrees F/113–114 degrees C, it’s done; you should remove the pan from the heat so it won’t continue to cook. If your recipe calls for adding butter, you can place it on top of the fudge now so it can start melting, but do not stir.
How long does it take fudge to boil to 234 degrees?
Cook the mixture over medium-low heat, without stirring, until the thermometer registers 234 degrees, about 20 to 25 minutes. The mixture should boil at a moderate, steady rate over the entire surface. While the fudge is cooking, prepare the baking pan.
What happens if you cook fudge too long?
The amount of time you cook fudge directly affects its firmness. Too little time and the water won’t evaporate, causing the fudge to be soft. Conversely, cook it too long and fudge won’t contain enough water, making it hard with a dry, crumbly texture.
How long should fudge boil?
Determining when the fudge is done.
Start checking the fudge for doneness after 10 minutes of boiling. If you are using a thermometer, your fudge is ready when it reaches 235°F. Or go old-school and use the soft ball test.
How long do you boil fudge to get to soft ball stage?
Boil until the mixture reaches 234°F on a candy thermometer. Stir occasionally throughout the boiling time. Note: If you do not have a candy thermometer, allow the mixture to boil to the soft-ball stage. Check after boiling for 10 minutes.
How do you know fudge is ready?
Use a candy thermometer or conduct a cold water test to check if the fudge is done. Do not rely on the cooking time indicated in your recipe. The fudge is ready when a candy thermometer reads between 112 to 114 °C (234 to 237 °F) or the mixture forms a soft ball in cold water. Let the mixture cool before beating.
How long does it take fudge to cool to 110?
Cool the fudge for 50 to 70 minutes until the temperature registers 110 degrees on the candy thermometer and the bottom of the pot feels lukewarm to the touch. Do not disturb the fudge during the cooling process.
Why has my fudge turned to caramel?
So, why did my fudge turn out more like caramel? Fudge often turns into a chewy caramel-like texture because incorrect temperatures were reached. The ideal temperature for the fudge to cook at is 232-234°F (111-112°C). Anything more or less will change the texture completely.
Why isn’t my fudge setting?
When your fudge isn’t setting properly, the culprit is typically going to be that the temperature wasn’t right. If your fudge is sticky or overly gummy, then it likely wasn’t cooked to a high enough temperature. … People often make this mistake when they are making fudge for the first time.
Can I use evaporated milk instead of condensed milk for fudge?
Unfortunately, you cannot use evaporated milk instead of condensed milk in fudge. You can substitute evaporated milk for regular milk in many instances, but it will not give the same rich, creamy taste that you get from the sweetened condensed milk.
What does boil to soft ball stage mean?
As a sugar syrup is cooked, water boils away, the sugar concentration increases, and the temperature rises. … For example, at 235° F, the syrup is at the “soft-ball” stage. That means that when you drop a bit of it into cold water to cool it down, it will form a soft ball.
How do you harden fudge?
Put your fudge in the refrigerator for 30 minutes or so, and then freeze it for a couple hours. You can also store your fudge in the freezer to keep it fresh. Be sure to use an airtight container and take it out a few hours before you want to eat it (unless you like it cold and hard).